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The CPR protocol and what to expect.

by Burrell Jull 03 Jul 2023
The CPR protocol and what to expect.

Title: Knowing When to Perform CPR: A Comprehensive Guide



Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, commonly known as CPR, is a life-saving technique that combines chest compressions and rescue breathing to restore blood circulation and oxygenation in individuals experiencing cardiac arrest or respiratory emergencies. Understanding when and how to perform CPR is crucial, as it can significantly improve the chances of survival for someone in distress. In this blog post, we will discuss the key aspects of CPR, including the importance of breathing, the role of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED), and specific scenarios such as heart attacks and drownings. By the end, you will have a solid grasp of when to perform CPR and the steps involved.


  1. The Importance of Breathing:

When performing CPR, the initial step is to assess the patient's responsiveness. Tap their shoulders, ask if they are okay, and check for signs of breathing or movement. If there is no response and no normal breathing, it is time to initiate CPR immediately. Contrary to popular belief, rescue breaths are not always necessary in certain situations, such as during a COVID-19 pandemic or when the rescuer is unable or unwilling to provide artificial respiration. In these cases, performing hands-only CPR with chest compressions alone is still effective and can make a significant difference in saving a life.


  1. Understanding Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs):

AEDs are portable electronic devices designed to analyze and treat abnormal heart rhythms during a cardiac arrest. These devices deliver controlled electric shocks to the heart in an attempt to restore normal rhythm. When attempting CPR, having access to an AED can greatly increase the chances of a successful resuscitation. AEDs are typically found in public places, such as schools, airports, and shopping centers. If available, using an AED in conjunction with CPR can be crucial in saving someone's life.


  1. CPR in Heart Attack Scenarios:

A heart attack occurs when there is a blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries, preventing blood flow to the heart muscle. It's important to note that a heart attack is different from a cardiac arrest. However, a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest if not addressed promptly. If a person experiencing a heart attack becomes unresponsive and stops breathing normally, CPR should be initiated immediately, regardless of whether a heart attack is suspected or confirmed. Call emergency services, perform CPR, and if an AED is available, follow the instructions on the device.


  1. CPR in Drowning Cases:

Drowning is a leading cause of unintentional deaths worldwide, especially among children. When someone drowns, their airway may become blocked, and their breathing may stop. If a person is unresponsive after being rescued from the water, it is crucial to initiate CPR immediately. Begin by removing any debris from their mouth and then give 2 rescue breaths. Preform a quick assessment of breathing. If the person is not revived with the breath perform chest compressions to circulate oxygenated blood. Continue CPR until professional medical help arrives or the person starts showing signs of life.



Knowing when to perform CPR is a valuable skill that can save lives. The presence of normal breathing and responsiveness are key initial assessments, and in the absence of these, immediate implementation of CPR is vital. Remember, chest compressions alone can be effective, especially when rescue breaths cannot be given. If an AED is accessible, be sure to use it alongside CPR. Understanding the specific procedures for heart attack and drowning scenarios is equally important. By staying informed and prepared, you can play a significant role in improving the survival rates in emergency situations.

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